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2011-612四级答案+听力原文 听力 Section A 1. A It was dangerous to live in。 2. B A storm 3. B They were trapped in an underground elevator。 4. C They sent supplies to keep the miners warm。 5. D Close some of its post office。 6. C Stopping mail delivery on Saturdays。 7. A Many post office staff will lose their jobs。 Section B 8. D He will lose part of his pay。 9. B He is a trustworthy guy。 10.D She is better at handling such matters。 11.C He is always trying to stir up trouble。 12. D Reserved 13. A They stay quiet 14. C She was never invited to a colleague’s home。 15. B Houses provide more privacy Section C 16. D They will automatically be given hiring priority。 17. C Visit the school careers service。 18. B Supervising study spaces to ensure a quiet atmosphere。 19. C It may be sold at a higher price。 20. A It is healthier than green tee。 21. D It does not have a stable market。 22. B They prefer unique objects of high quality。 23. B They could only try to create at night。 24. A Make wise choices。 25. A To boost the local economy。 阅读 Section A 26. E challenges 27. J searched 28. D categorizing 29. K similarities 30. L slightly 31. G percentage 32. O traditional 33. I regardless 34. H proving 35. M suggests Section B 36. I 37. D 38. J 39. F 40. B 41. H 42. C 43. K 44. G 45. E Section C passage one 46. B He intends to get rid of the tipping practice。 47. C It forces the customer to comensate the waiter。 48. D They can have some say in how much their servers earn。 49. A Services quality has little effect on tip size。 50. D Waiters should be paid by employers instead of customers。 passage two 51. C The impact of cheap oil on global economic growth。 52. D Consumers will spend their savings from cheap oil on other commodities。 53. C They use their money reserves to back up consumption。 54. B Its negative effects more than cancel out its positive effects。 55. A people are not spending all the money they save on gas。 翻译模式 翻译1: 在中国文化中,红色通常象征着幸运、长寿和幸福,在春节和其他庆祝场合,红色随处可见。给家人或朋友送现金的时候,大多会放在红色信的信封里。红色在中国流行的另一个原因是人们把中国革命和共产党结合在一起。但是,红色并不代表幸运和快乐。以前,死者的名字是用红色写的,所以用红色墨水写中国人的名字是一种冒险行为。 The color of red in Chinese culture usually means good luck, longevity and happiness. Red can be found everywhere during Chinese Spring Festival and other joyous occasions. Cashes often in red envelopes are sent to family members or close friends as gifts. Its popularity can also be attributed the fact that people accociate it with Chinese revolution and Communist party. However, it does not always equal to good luck and joy in that the name of the dead used to be written in red. Using red ink to write names of Chinese people were seen as an offense。 翻译2: 随着中国改革开放,现在很多年轻人都喜欢举行西式婚礼。新娘在婚礼上穿着白色婚纱。因为白色是纯洁的象征。但是,在中国的传统文化中,白色多用于葬礼。因此,白色的花一定不要作为祝福人恢复的礼物使用。特别是请不要给老年人或重病患者。同样的,礼金也不能放在白色的信封里,必须放在红色的信封里。 With China’s reform and opening up, many young people tend to hold Western-style weddings these days. The bride wears a white wedding dress at the wedding, because white is considered as a symbol of purity. However, in traditional Chinese culture, white is often used in funerals, so be sure to remember that white flowers must not be used as a gift to the patient, especially not to the seniors or critically illed patients. Similarly, the cash gift cannot be packed in a white envelope, but in a red envelope。 写范文。 四级作文第一篇 For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. Suppose you have two options upon graduation: one is to work in a state-owned business and the other in a joint venture. You are to make a choice between the two. Write an essay to explain the reasons for your choice. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 解决问题的想法: 第一段:话题的说明。 第二段:表明观点+陈述原因。 第三段:观点的结论。 参考文献: Stated-owned business or Joint venture Upon graduation, virtually all college students will confront the problem of the career choice,which is truly a tough choice. Students' opinions differ greatly on this issue. Some hold that there is no better way to get a decent job than working in a stated-owned business which will guarantee my life after retirement,but others take the attitude that a joint venture outweighs any other jobs as it may provide higher income for employees。 As to myself, I prefer the latter view. A joint venture, especially a high-salary joint venture, exerts a tremendous fascination on a great number of people, with no exception to me. Although it might be impossible to make sure my retirement pension is good enough, high-salary is exactly what I need just now. In my view, our career choices largely depend on where we want to stay for the rest of life. For me, metropolis is the place where I can grasp loads of opportunities and achieve my personal dreams. As I hold the view that live in the moment, not the future, and also in order to finance myself in some aspects such as the transportation, the house-renting, or social activities, a joint venture can satisfy my needs for the consumption I mentioned above。 In short, a joint venture is the first and only consideration in my choice of career。 四级作文第二篇 For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. Suppose you have two options upon graduation: one is to find a job somewhere and the other to start a business of your own. You are to make a decision. Write an essay to explain the reasons for your decision. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 解决问题的想法: 第一段:话题的说明。 第二段:表明观点+陈述原因。 第三段:观点的结论。 参考文献: Upon graduation, virtually all college students will confront the problem of the career choice,which is truly a tough choice. Students' opinions differ greatly on this issue. Some hold that priority should be given to start a business of your own, but others take the attitude that finding a job is the best choice influencing their future。 As to myself, I prefer the latter view. An opportunity to start a business exerts a tremendous fascination on a great number of people, with no exception to me. In my view, With the competition in the job market becoming increasingly fierce for college graduates, some ambitious students have tried their hands at launching their own businesses. Over the years,there have been many successful cases of student entrepreneurship and such attempts should be encouraged and promoted by both the universities and the society at large. What’s more ,College students who start businesses are pioneers,among whom will be born China’s future business leaders. Faced with unknown challenges, they are audacious enough to embark on a perilous journey while most of their peers enjoy stable salaries by working as white-collars at high-end office buildings。 All in all, the essential difference between the students who find a job or those students who create their own businesses is that the former are docile followers whereas the latter are aggressive trailblazers. For this reason, business-launching college graduates are more admirable, and thus they command our deep respect。 四级作文第三篇 For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. Suppose you have two options upon graduation: one is to take a job in a company and the other to go to a graduate school. You are to make a choice between the two. Write an essay to explain the reasons for your choice. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 解决问题的想法: 第一段:话题的说明。 第二段:表明观点+陈述原因。 第三段:观点的结论。 参考文献: Upon graduation, virtually all college students will confront the problem of the career choice,which is truly a tough choice. Students' opinions differ greatly on this issue. Some hold that priority should be given to take a job, but others take the attitude that going to a graduate school is the most critical factor influencing their future career choices。 As to myself, I prefer the latter view. A higher educational background exerts a tremendous fascination on a great number of people, with no exception to me. This phenomenon that the graduates have difficulties in finding job after their graduation can easily be found anywhere in our daily life, especially on campus. On the one hand, with the improved high education of Chinese college students which directly brought the result that there are more and more graduates every year. On the contrary, job vacancies don’t increase that fast. More people, less food, which is the exact description of the hard condition. On the other hand,more and more people go on to pursue their master and doctor degree; more and more Chinese oversea students come back to China to hunt better working chances. It is sure that the competition is more and more fierce。 Therefore, it is high time that we took effective measures to improve our own competitiveness. That is the secret of success in the future employment market after our graduation。 -------------------------------------------------------------------- 听力稿 Section A NEWS News1 A 16th century castle in Scotland is on the verge of collapse after chunks of soil were washed away by floods, threatening its foundations。 On Sunday, the castle's owner, John Gordon, 76, was forced to evacuate his property after the River Dee swept away about 60 feet of land, leaving the castle dangerously close to the river, according to the Scottish Daily Record。 Abergeldie castle, located in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, was built by Sir Alexander Gordon of Midmar who later became the Earl of Huntly。 The castle, which is located on 11,700 acres, was leased to members of the royal family between 1848 and 1970, including King Edward VII and George V。 The Scottish Environment protection Agency has issued more than 35 flood warnings covering several regions as Scotland continues to clean up after Storm Frank hit the country last Wednesday。 "This means that rivers will rise more slowly but then stay high for much longer," the environmental agency said。 Q1. Why did John Gordon move out of Abergeldie castle A. It was dangerous to live in。 B. It was going to be renovated。 C. He could no longer pay the rent。 D. He had sold it to the royal family。 答案:A Q2. What happened in Scotland last Wednesday A. A strike。 B. A storm C. A forest fire。 D. A terrorist attack。 答案:B News2 Rescue efforts were underway Thursday morning for 17 miners who were stuck in an elevator below ground。 a Cargill rock salt mine in Lansing, N.Y. ccording to Marcia Lynch, public information officer with Tompkins County’s emergency response department。 Emergency workers have made contact with the miners through a radio, and they all appear to be uninjured, said Jessica Verfuss, the emergency department’s assistant director。 Crews have managed to provide heat packs and blankets to the miners so that they can keep warm during the rescue operation, Verfuss said。 Details about what led to the workers’ being trapped in the elevator weren’t immediately available。 The mine, near New York's Cayuga Lake, processes salt used for road treatment. It produces about 2 million tons of salt that is shipped to more than 1,500 places in the northeastern United States。 The rock salt mine is one of three operated by Cargill, with the other two being in Louisiana and Ohio。 Q3. What does the news report say about the salt miners A. They lost contact with the emergency department。 B. They were trapped in an underground elevator。 C. They were injured by suddenly falling rocks。 D. They sent calls for help via a portable radio。 答案:B Q4. What did the rescue team do A. They tried hard to repair the elevator。 B. They released the details of the accident。 C. They sent supplies to keep the miners warm。 D. They provided the miners with food and water。 答案:C News3 The U.S. postal Service announced today that it is considering closing about 3,700 post offices over the next year because of falling revenues。 Facing an $8.3 billion budget deficit this year, closing post offices is one of several proposals the postal Service has put forth recently to cut costs。 Last week for example, postmaster General pat Donahoe announced plans to stop mail delivery on Saturdays, a move he says could save $3 billion annually。 "We are losing revenue as we speak," Donahoe said. "We do not want taxpayer money. We want to be self-sufficient. So like any other business, you have to make choices." Dean Granholm, the vice president for delivery and post office operations, said the first wave of closings would begin this fall。 He estimated that about 3,000 postmasters, 500 station managers and between 500 and 1,000 postal clerks could lose their jobs。 Q5. What is the US postal Service planning to do A. Raise postage rates。 B. Improve its services。 C. Redesign delivery routes。 D. Close some of its post office。 答案:D Q6. What measure has been planned to save costs A. Shortening business hours。 B. Closing offices on holidays。 C. Stopping mail delivery on Saturdays。 D. Computerising mail sorting processes。 答案:C Q7. What will happen when the proposed measure comes into effect A. Many post office staff will lose their jobs。 B. Many people will begin to complain。 C. Taxpayers will be very pleased。 D. A lot of controversy will arise。 答案:A Section B Conversation conversation 1 M: Mrs. Hampton, we’ve got trouble in the press room this morning。 W: Oh, dear. What it about M: One of the press operators arrived one hour and half late。 W: But that’s a straightforward affair. He will simply lose part of his pay. That’s why we have a clock-in system。 M: But the point is the man was clocked in at eight o’clock. We have John standing by the time clock and he swears he saw nothing irregular。 W: Is John reliable M: Yes, he is. That’s why we chose him for the job。 W: Have you spoken to the man who is late M: Not yet. I thought I’d have a word with you first. He is a difficult man and I think there has been some trouble on the shop floor. I’ve got a feeling that a trade union representative is behind this. The manager told me that Jack Green’s been very active around the shop the last few days。 W: Well. What do you want me to do M: I was wondering if you’d see Smith, the man who was late, because you are so much better at handling things like this。 W: Oh, all right. I will see him. I must say I agree with you about there being bad feelings in the works. I’ve have the idea for sometime that Jack Green’s been busy stirring things up in connection with the latest wage claim. He’s always tried to make trouble. Well, I will get the manager to send Smith up here。 Q8. What will happen to the press operator who is late for work according to the woman Q9. What does the man say about John who stands by the time clock Q10. Why does the man suggest the woman see the worker who was late Q11. What does the woman say about Jack Green conversation 2 W: Our topic today is about something that foreigners nearly always say when they visit Britain. It’s why are the British so cold and they are talking about the British personality, the famous British reserve. It means that we aren’t very friendly; we aren’t very open。 M: So do you think it is true W: it is a difficult one. So many people who visit Britain say it’s difficult to make friends with British people. They say we are cold, reserved and unfriendly。 M: I think it’s true. Look at Americans or Australians. They speak the same language, but they are much more open. And you see it when you travel, people, I mean strangers speak to you on the street or on the train. British people seldom speak on the train or the bus not in London anyway。 W: Not in London. That’s it. Capital cities are full of tourists and are never friendly. people are different in other parts of the country。 M: Not completely. I met a woman once, an Italian. She has been working in Manchester for 2 years and no one, not one of the colleagues had ever invited her to their home. They were friendly to her at work but nothing else. She can’t believe it. She said that it would never happen in Italy。 W: You know what they says. An Englishman’s home is his castle. It is really difficult to get inside。 M: Yeah it’s about being private. You go home to your house and your garden and you close the door. It’s your place。 W: That’s why the British don’t like flats. They prefer to living in the houses。 M: That’s true。 Q12 What do foreigners generally think of British people according to the woman Q13 What may British people typically do on train according to the man Q14 What does the man say about the Italian woman working in Manchester Q15 Why do British people prefer houses to flats Section C passage passage1 In college, time is scarce and consequently very precious. At the same time, expenses in college pile up surprisingly quickly. A part-time job is a good way to balance costs while insuring there is enough time left over for both academic subjects and after-class activities。 If you are a college student looking for a part-time job, the best place to start your job search is right on campus. There are tons of on-campus job opportunities and as a student, you’ll automatically be given hiring priority. plus, on-campus jobs eliminate commuting time, and could be a great way to connect with academic and professional resources at your university. Check with your school’s career service or employment office for help to find a campus job。 Of course, there are opportunities for part-time work off campus, too. If you spend a little time digging for the right part-time jobs, you’ll save yourself time when you find a job that leaves you with enough time to get your schoolwork done, too。 If you were a college student looking for work, but worried you won’t have enough time to devote to academic subjects, consider working as a study hall or library monitor. Responsibility is generally include supervising study spaces, to insure that a quiet atmosphere is maintained. It’s a pretty easy job. But one with lots of done time, which means you’ll have plenty of time to catch up on reading, do homework or study for an exam。 16. What does the speaker say about college students applying for on campus jobs 17. What can students do to find a campus job according to the speaker 18. What does the speaker say is a library monitor’s responsibility passage2 Agricultural workers in green tea fields near Mountain Kenya are gathering the tea leaves. It is beautiful to see the rows of tea bushes are straight. All appears to be well. But the farmers who planted the bushes are worried.Nelson Kibara is one of them. He has been growing tea in the Kerugoya area for 40 years。 He says the prices this year have been so low that he has made almost no profit. He says he must grow different kinds of tea if he is to survive。 Mr. Kibara and hundreds of other farmers have been removing some of their tea bushes and planting a new kind of tea developed by the Tea Research Foundation of Kenya. Its leaves are purple and brown. When the tea is boiled, the drink has a purple color. Medical researchers have studied the health benefits of the new tea. They say it is healthier than green tea and could be sold for a price that is three to four times higher than the price of green tea。 But Mr. Kibara says he has not received a higher price for his purple tea crop。 He says the market for the tea is unstable and he is often forced to sell his purple tea for the same price as green tea leaves. He says there are not enough buyers willing to pay more for the purple tea。 Q 19 Why have tea farmers in Kenya decided to grow purple tea Q 20 What researchers say about the purple tea Q 21 What Mr. Kibara found about the purple tea passage3 Today's consumers want beautiful hand crafted objects to wear and the help them to home. They prefer something unique and they demand quality. Craftsman today are meeting this demand, people in homes are showing great change as more and more unique handcrafted items become available. Handcrafts are big business, no longer does good craftsman have to work the job they dislikes all day, and then try to create at night. He has earned his professional status, he has now are respected member of the society. part of the fun of being a craftsman is meeting other craftsman, they love to share their ideas and materials and help others find market for their work. Craftsman have helped educated consumers to make wise choices, they help them to become aware of design and the technique, they help them to relay their choices to its intended use. They often involve in the consumers in trying the craft themselves. When a group of craftsman expands to include more members, a small craftsman organization is formed, such organization does a lot in training work shops in special media and crafts marketing techniques, crafts fail in sales, first of all TV appearances and demonstrations. State art councils help sponsor local art and crafts festivals, which draw crowds in tourist consumers, this blew the local economy considerably because this not only by crafts but it also used by the restaurant and hotels and other services of the area Q22 what does the speaker say about today's consumers Q23 what does the speaker say about the good craftsman in the past Q24 what does craftsman help consumers do Q25 why do state art councils help to sponsor local arts and crafts festivals 2016年12月6日回复+听力原文) 写范文。 写文章 Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on creation. Your essay should include the importance of creation and measures to be taken to encourage creation. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words。 范文 Nowadays it is common to encounter a scene when people want to see things happen but can't make things happen for various reasons. The most important reason is that they just refuse to create and innovate. With the accelerated pace of our society, more and more people recognize the importance of creation that is bound to make a difference in social productivity。 As far as I am concerned, we should all have the notion of being the participants of supporting creation. First of all, creation is the most vital factor to improve the inner competitiveness of our nation. For another, it is certain that creation is so essential that enables many people to find their positions in the company and careers in their lives。 Measures are also needed to encourage creation. First and foremost, the government should establish certain rules to sweep up the obstacles of invention. Some people have already complained much about com 写,写 Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on innovation. Your essay should include the importance of innovation and measures to be taken to encourage innovation.You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words。 范文 In today's highly competitive world, innovation matters enormously to an organization or a country. It is the driving force behind increased competitiveness。 Take growing a successful business as an example. In this day and age, social media are gaining popularity among the general public. A company that only relies on traditional media doing its marketing is more likely to get eliminated in the digital era. put in another way, a company with its focus on social media to boost its brand recognition stands a better chance of standing out from the crowd. Clearly, innovation is a vital contributing factor to business success。 What can be done to encourage innovation To name only a few: Above all, a business or a country should strive to build a corporate culture or a social climate that values innovation. Second, anyone who participates in the innovation process should be rewarded. Third, we are in urgent need of an education system that stresses innovation over mechanical learning。 Simply put, innovation is an important force that pushes our society forward。 翻译模式 翻译1 随着中国经济的蓬勃发展,学习中文的人数迅速增加,把中文成为了世界上人们最学习的语言之一。近年来,中国大学的国际排名也明显提高了。随着中国教育的巨大进步,中国成为了最受海外学生欢迎的留学地之一,这一点并不奇怪。2015年,近40万国际学生涌向中国市场。他们学习的科目不仅限于中国的语言和文化,还包括科学和工程。在世界教育市场上,美国和英国占据着主导地位,而中国却在急速追赶。 With China’s booming economy, the number of people who learn Chinese grows rapidly. It makes Chinese become one of the favorite languages that people would like to learn. Recently, Chinese universities rise significantly in world university rankings. Since the significant progress made in Chinese education, it is no wonder that China has been one of the most favored places for overseas students. In 2015, nearly 40,0000 international students swarmed into the Chinese market. Not confined to Chinese language and culture, the subjects they choose to learn also include science and engineering. Although the global market is still dominated by US and UK, China is striving to catch up。 翻译2 随着生活水平的提高,休假在中国人生活中的作用越来越重要。以前,中国人的时间主要花在生活上,但是去旅行的机会很少。但是,近年来,中国的旅游业急速发展。经济繁荣和富裕的中产阶级的出现引起了前所未有的观光热潮。中国人不仅国内旅行,海外旅行也越来越普遍。2016年国庆节期间,旅游消费合计超过4000亿元。据世界贸易组织(WTO)估计,2020年中国将成为世界最大的旅游国家。今后几年海外旅行支出的增加会是最快的国家吧。 With the improvement of living standards, vacation plays a more important role in the Chinese life. In the past, they had spent most of their time making a living and barely had a chance to travel. However, China’s tourism industry flourishes in recent years. Economic prosperity and the emergence of the affluent middle class leads to an unprecedented tourism boom. Chinese people like to travel both at home and abroad, and overseas trips have become increasingly common among them. During the National Day holiday in 2016, tourism spending totaled more than 400 billion yuan. World Trade Organization estimates that China will become the world’s largest tourist country by 2020, and it will also become one of the fastest-growing countries on outbound tourism spending in the next few years。 听力的回答 Section A Conversation 1. C It links the science of climate change to economic and policy issues。 2. B It would be more costly to deal with its consequences than to avoid it。 3. A The transition to low-carbon energy systems。 4. C plan well in advance。 5. B What determines success。 6. D It means being good at seizing opportunities。 7. D practice is essential to becoming good at something。 8. C Being passionate about work can make one wealthy。 Section B passage 9. A To stump of a giant tree。 10. B Wind and water。 11. D It was created by supernatural powers。 12. C By lifting them well above the ground。 13. A They will buy something from the convenience stores。 14. A They can bring only temporary pleasures。 15. D Small daily savings an make a big difference in one's life。 Section C Lecture 16. B They are necessary in our lives。 17. B They feel too overwhelmed to deal with life's problem。 18. A They expand our mind。 19. B It came from a 3D printer。 20. C When she was studying at a fashion design school。 21. C It was hard and breakable。 22. D It marks a breakthrough in printing material。 23. A They arise from the advances in technology。 24. D It is intensively competitive。 25. D Sharing of costs with each other。 -------------------------------------------------------------------- 阅读答案 Section A 26. O vanished 27. M undergone 28. D expanding 29. K survived 30. H process 31. L terminals 32. E industrialized 33. F perceived 34. B conveniences 35. G practice Section B Countries Rush for Upper Hand in Antarctica 36. J 37. C 38. E 39. G 40. D 41. I 42. B 43. H 44. Q 45. L Section C passage one 46. D It has little impact on their decision whether or not to quit smoking。 47. A pass a law to standardise cigarette packaging。 48. B The number of smokes has dropped more sharply than in the UK。 49. A prime Minister Cameron has been reluctant to take action。 50. C They made more British people obese。 passage two 51. A It is worthwhile after all。 52. D Most of them take jobs which don't require a college degree。 53. C Interactions among themselves outside the classroom。 54. B Meting people who will be helpful to you in the future。 55. D The prestige of the university influences employers' recruitment decisions。 听力稿 sectionA Conversation Conversation 1 气候变化和世界经济的发展 W: professor Henderson could you give us a brief overview of what you do, where you work and your main area of research M: Well the Center for Climate Research where I work links the science of climate change to issues around economics and policy。 Some of our research is to do with the likely impacts of climate change and all of the associated risks。 W: And how strong is the evidence that climate change is happening that it's really something we need to be worried about。 M: Well most of the science of climate change particularly that to do with global warming is simply fact。 But other aspects of the science are less certain or at least more disputed。 And so we're really talking about risk what the economics tells us is that it's probably cheaper to avoid climate change to avoid the risk than it has to deal with the likely consequences。 W: So what are we doing What can we do about it M: Well I would argue that we need to develop the science specifically to understand the likely impacts of climate change in different contexts。 As I said we need to understand the best ways of avoiding climate change and this will involve a huge transition to low carbon energy systems and the transition is a tremendous priority。 And for this to happen, we may need action on a global scale from a political perspective。 We need to understand the terms on which major countries like China and the USA might sign up to a global agreement because at the moment we don't have that consensus。 W: Right。 M: And we also need to plan ahead so that we're in a position to deal with the likely levels of climate change which are already inevitable and even more so to for the levels that are likely if we don't get those global agreements。 Q1. What does professor H say about his main area of research A It tries to predict the possible trends of global climate change。 B It studies the impact of global climate change on people’s lives。 C It links the science of climate change to economic and policy issues。 D It focuses on the efforts countries can make to deal with global warning。 答案C Q2. What does professor H say about climate change A It will take a long time before a consensus is reached on its impact。 B It would be more costly to deal with its consequences than to avoid it。 C It is the most pressing issue confronting all countries。 D It is bound to cause endless disputes among nations。 答案B Q3. What does professor H say is a top priority in combating climate change A The transition to low-carbon energy systems。 B The cooperation among world major powers。 C The signing of a global agreement。 D The raising of people’s awareness。 答案A Q4. What does professor H advise us to do to better deal with climate change A Carry out more research on it。 B Cut down energy consumption。 C plan well in advance。 D Adopt new technology。 答案C Conversation 2 (成功因素) W: I have many business English students. When I teach the classroom, we often end up talking about things like success and what leads to success. And it's interesting that many of them mention the element of luck。 M: Right。 W: Luck is important to success. But since you've seen that fantastic video on the TED Talks website by Richard St. John, he doesn't mention luck at all。 M: Well, I'm a firm believer that people can make their own luck. I mean what people regard as luck, you can actually create, to a degree。 W: Sure. I think a lot of what people consider luck is attributed to how you respond to the opportunities that come your way。 M: Yes. Very good point。 W: Seizing the opportunities. But was there any point in the video that you thought was particularly interesting M: Yes. Actually there was. Something very impressive to me as many people think that luck is important and that natural talent is something you must have in order to be successful. And in the video we saw, the point about getting good at something is not about having some natural talent. It's all about practice, practice, practice。 W: Definitely yeah. Natural talent helps in some way but at the end of the day you really do need to work hard and get really really good at what you do。 M: Sure。 W: I thought one interesting thing in the video was the idea of passion being so important and that people who really love what they do. Of course you're going to want to work harder and put the time and effort into it. And the funny thing is that if you love what you do and are really passionate about it and work really hard, the money kind of comes automatically。 Q5. What are the speakers mainly talking about Q6. What is the woman’s view of luck Q7. What is the chief point the TED Talks video makes Q8. What does the woman think is the funny thing in the TED Talks video sectionB passage passage 1 (关于美国恶魔塔的形成原因及其印第安人传说) Devil’s Tower, the first national monument in America, could almost be mistaken for the stump of an enormous tree. Its sheer rock sides sweep up from a broad base until they cut off abruptly at the flat summit. Rising more than 1,000 feet in the middle of the gently rolling plains of Wyoming, the massive column of rock, looks as though it was dropped down into this location from a different time and place。 In a sense, it was, Devil’s Tower is a relic of the past. When the melt rock of the earth’s core forced its way to the surface to form the throat of a volcano, as the centuries passed, the rock cooled and hardened, shrinking and cracking into long columns, born in fire and fury. Devil’s Tower was then shaped by the slow, gentle work of wind and water. The outer layers of the volcano were worn away until the hard core stood completely exposed。 It is small wonder that an Indian legend described Devil’s Tower as being formed by supernatural powers. The legend says that when seven girls were attacked by bears, they took refuge on top of a small rock, and they appealed to the Rock God for help. The God caused the rock to grow and to lift the girls far above the ground, while it sides were scored by the claws of the angry bears. Even today, says the legend, the girls can be seen above the towering rock. As seven shining stars in the night sky。 9. What does the Devil’s Tower look like 10. What cause the volcano’s outer layers to wear away 11. What does the Indian legend say about the Devil’s Tower 12. How did the Rock God help the seven girl in the Indian legend passage 2 (科学理财方法) It’s no accident that most gas stations have convenience stores attached. Few of us can fill up the tank without buying a few snacks, cigarettes,soft drinks or other items we can live without. I deserve it. That’s what hard working men and women say to justify their lavish vacations, big stereo systems or regular restaurant meals. They do deserve such indulgences. However, they also deserve a home of their own--a secure retirement and freedom from worrying about unpaid bills. No one should have to live with what a Texas mother described as constant stress,tension, even fear about money. Sadly the pleasure that comes from extravagances often disappears long before the bills do. The video camera that one single mother bought for a special occasion, for example, is not much fun now. She’s figured out that it will take her another three years to pay it off at $30 a month. And the New Yorkers who spent a bundle on an outdoor hot tub now admit they rarely use it, because we can't afford to heat it in winter. The solution set priorities add up the annual cost of each item. Then consider what else you can buy with the same money. That will help you decide which items are really worth it. One Chicago woman, for example, discovered that daily lunches with coworkers cost her $2000 a year; she decided to take lunch to work instead. “I now put $20 a week into my vacation fund and another 20 into retirement savings, she says, those mean more to me than lunch”。 Q13. What does the speaker say about drivers who stop at gas stations Q14. What does the speaker say about extravagances Q15. What does a speaker want to show by the example of the Chicago woman SectionC Recording Recording1 Let’s say you start to brainstorm a list of all the emotions you’ve ever experienced. Just for fun. Try it now. What’s on your list Chances are you included things like happy, sad, excited, angry, afraid, grateful, proud, scared, confused, stressed, relaxed and amazed. Now sort your list into two categories: positive emotions and negative emotions. Feeling both positive and negative emotions is a natural part of being human. We might use the word “negative” to describe more difficult emotions, but it doesn't mean those emotions are bad or we shouldn't have them. Still, most people would probably rather feel a positive emotion than a negative one. It's likely you'd prefer to feel happy instead of sad or confident instead of insecure. What matters is how our emotions are balanced, how much of each type of emotion, positive or negative we experience. Negative emotions warn us of threats or challenges that we may need to deal with. For example, fear can alert us to possible danger. It's a signal that we might need to protect ourselves. Angry feelings warn us that someone is stepping on our toes, crossing a boundary or violating our trust. Anger can be a signal that we might need to act on our own behalf. Negative emotions focus our awareness. They help us to zero in on a problem so we can deal with it. But too many negative emotions can make us feel overwhelmed, anxious, exhausted or stressed out. When negative emotions are out of balance, problems might seem too big to handle. The more we dwell on negative emotions, the more negative we begin to feel. Focusing on negativity just keeps it going. positive emotions balance out negative ones. But they have other powerful benefits, too. Instead of narrowing our focus, like negative emotions do, positive emotions affect our brains in ways that increase our awareness, attention and memory. They help us take in more information, hold several ideas in mind at once and understand how different ideas relate to each other. When positive emotions open us up to new possibilities, we are more able to learn and build on our skills that lead to doing better on tasks and tests. people who have plenty of positive emotions in their everyday lives tend to be happier, healthier, learn better and get along well with others。 Q16. What does the speaker say about negative emotions Q17. What happens to people whose negative emotions are out of balance Q18. How do positive emotions affect us Recording2 In the past few months, I've been traveling for weeks at a time with only one suitcase of clothes. One day, I was invited to an important event, and I wanted to wear something special for it. I looked through my suitcase but couldn't find anything to wear. I was lucky to be at the technology conference then, and I had access to 3D printers. So I quickly designed a skirt on my computer, and I loaded the file on the printer. It just printed the pieces overnight. The next morning, I just took all the pieces, assembled them together in my hotel room, and this is actually the skirt that I'm wearing right now. So it wasn't the first time that I printed clothes. For my senior collection at fashion design school, I decided to try and 3D print an entire fashion collection from my home. The problem was that I barely knew anything about 3D printing, and I had only nine months to figure out how to print five fashionable looks. I always felt most creative when I worked from home. I loved experimenting with new materials, and I always tried to develop new techniques to make the most unique textiles for my fashion projects. One summer break, I came here to New York for an internship at a fashion house in Chinatown. We worked on two incredible dresses that were 3D printed. They were amazing — like you can see here. But I had a few problems with them. They were made from hard plastics and that's why they were very breakable. The models couldn't sit in them, and they even got scratched from the plastics under their arms. So now the main challenge was to find the right material for printing clothes with. I mean the material you feed the printer with. The breakthrough came when I was introduced to Filaflex, which is a new kind of printing material. It's strong, yet very flexible. And with it, I was able to print the first garment, a red jacket that had the word "freedom" — embedded into it. And actually, you can easily download this jacket, and change the word to something else. For example, your name or your sweetheart's name. So I think in the future, materials will evolve, and they will look and feel like fabrics we know today, like cotton or silk。 Q19. What does the speaker say about the skirt she is wearing now Q20. When did the speaker start experimenting with 3D printing Q21. What was the problem with the material the speaker worked on at New York fashion house Q22. What does the speaker say about the Filaflex Recording3 (中小企业的发展) Welcome to the third lecture in our series on the future of small businesses in Europe. The purpose of today's lecture, as you have seen from the title and the abstract, is to examine in more detail the problems facing small and medium sized enterprises which arise at least in part from having to adapt to rapid advances in technology. And I want to look at these both from a financial and from a personnel point of view and to offer a few hopefully effective solutions. Here we have three of the most important problems facing small businesses that I want to look at today. First, keeping up with the pace of technological change, recruiting high quality staff in a time of skills shortages in I.T. as a whole and in a highly competitive market and the issue of retaining staff once they've been recruited and trained. Now all of these problems involve significant costs for all businesses, but they're a particularly challenging issue for small and medium sized enterprises. And those costs will vary depending on the size and scale of the businesses. So let's come to the first issue on our list which is keeping pace with developments in technology. Now we all know that the technology industry is intensely competitive with new products being launched all year round, as the various companies strive to compete with each other rather than say once a year or every couple of years. And this is a real headache for smaller businesses. So let's imagine we have a small company which is doing OK. It's just about making a profit, and it spends most of its income on overheads. So for a company in this situation, keeping up to date with the latest technology, even if it's only for the benefit of key staff, this can be hugely expensive. So in my view, some creative thinking needs to come in here to find ways to help companies in this situation to stay ahead in the game. But at the same time to remain technologically competitive. Well there's the possibility that small groups of companies with similar requirements, but not directly competing with each other, they could share the cost of upgrading in much the same way as let's say, an Internet operates within larger organizations. In fact, cost sharing could be a very practical solution, especially in times of financial difficulty. If there's downward pressure on costs, because of a need for investment in other areas, I would argue that this is a perfectly feasible solution。 Q23. What does the speaker say about the problems facing small and medium sized enterprises Q24. Why does the speaker's say about the technology industry Q25. What is a practical solution to the problems of small and medium sized businesses 来源:网络 编辑:霍伦